Vancouver, Washington

Retrieved September 16, Salvadore Brotons, the Symphony performs regular season concerts, a chamber music series and occasional theme concerts throughout the year. Due to the death of key organizer "Mister Fireworks" Jim Larson and a poor economy , the show was not held in

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Additional useful information for Hamburg. It changed to Vancouver in Based on an act in the —60 legislature, Vancouver was briefly the capital of Washington Territory , before capital status was returned to Olympia, Washington by a 2—1 ruling of the territory's supreme court, in accordance with Isaac Stevens ' preference and concern that proximity to the border with Oregon might give some of the state's influence away to Oregon.

Army Captain and future President Ulysses S. Grant was quartermaster at what was then known as Columbia Barracks for 15 months beginning in September Soon after leaving Vancouver, he resigned from the army and did not serve again until the outbreak of the American Civil War. Other notable generals to have served in Vancouver include George B. Built on the old company gardens and skirmish range, Pearson Army Field later Pearson Field was a key facility, and at one point the US Army Signal Corps operated the largest spruce cut-up plant in the world to provide much-needed wood for airplanes.

Chkalov was originally scheduled to land at an airstrip in nearby Portland, Oregon , but redirected at the last minute to Vancouver's Pearson Airfield. Today there is a street named for him in Vancouver. In an obelisk was erected at Pearson Field commemorating this event. Separated from Oregon until , when the Interstate Bridge began to replace ferries, Vancouver had three shipyards just downstream which produced ships for World War I before World War II brought an enormous economic boom.

An Alcoa aluminum plant opened on September 2, , using inexpensive power from the nearby New Deal hydropower turbines at Bonneville Dam. Army base, which by employed as many as 36, people in a twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week production of liberty ships , LST 's, and " baby flat tops. Each of these was later incorporated into the city, and are well-known neighborhoods, while the neighboring "shipyard city" of Vanport, Oregon , would be destroyed by the Memorial Day flood of Vancouver has recently experienced conflicts with other Clark County communities because of rapid growth in the area.

The city's first annexation more than doubled its size in , with the largest annexation of adding 11, acres West Vancouver is home to downtown Vancouver and some of the more historical parts of the city, as well as recent high-density mixed-use development. More than one-third of the Vancouver urban area's population lives in unincorporated urban area north of the city limits, including the communities of Hazel Dell , Felida , Orchards and Salmon Creek.

If county leaders had approved a major annexation plan in , Vancouver would have passed Tacoma and Spokane to become the state's second-largest city. Vancouver is located just north of the Columbia River , just west of where the Columbia River Gorge bisects the volcanic Cascade Range and just east of where the Willamette River enters the Columbia.

The city of Vancouver [36] is in the Western Lowlands region of Washington. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of Vancouver lies just north of Portland, Oregon and shares a similar climate. Both are classified as dry-summer subtropical Csb on the Köppen climate classification , with certain key exceptions. High pressures east of the Cascade Range create something of a venturi effect , leading to cold east winds down the Columbia River Gorge.

Unsheltered by the Willamette Valley , Vancouver has historically seen colder temperatures, including "silver thaw" storms where freezing rain cakes limbs and power lines. Such storms can paralyze Vancouver. This occasionally freezes the river, and in cut electric power in the city for almost two weeks. Rainfall occurs frequently throughout the fall, winter, and spring, but ceases around the middle of June, with dry and warm weather lasting through September.

Heavy snowfalls are infrequent and snow often falls and doesn't stick, with major snowstorms only occurring every 2—4 years. Close proximity to the river was also a concern for flooding, before dams constricted the river, destroying features such as Celilo Falls.

Periodic floods have been a nuisance, with two of the most destructive in June and May The Memorial Day flood almost topped the Interstate Bridge's support piers and completely destroyed nearby Vanport, Oregon.

Other unusual storms include the Columbus Day windstorm of and an April 5, tornado which rated F3 on the Fujita scale , striking a local school. A F1 tornado struck on January 10, just after noon causing moderate damage along a 2-mile 3. Because many Vancouver residents work in Portland, there is typically significant rush hour traffic congestion on two bridges that cross the Columbia River — the Interstate Bridge and the Glenn Jackson Bridge.

In there were , weekday vehicle crossings on the two bridges. As of the census [2] of , there were , people, 65, households, and 40, families residing in the city. The population density was 3, There were 70, housing units at an average density of 1, The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino people of any race were There were 65, households of which The average household size was 2. The median age in the city was The gender makeup of the city was As of the census of , there were , people, there were 56, households, and 36, families living in the city.

The population density is 3, There were 60, housing units at an average density of 1, According to the US Census, The racial makeup of the city was A large increase in persons with Russian or Ukrainian as their primary language has occurred. There were 56, households out of which In the city, the population was spread out, with The median age was 33 years.

For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were The Vancouver economy is characterized by border economics with neighboring Portland, Oregon. The state of Washington levies no individual or corporate income taxes and levies a property tax below the national average and a sales tax above the national median.

Washington residents who work in Oregon must pay Oregon income tax. For the same reasons, the city is popular with retirees.

Conversely, the city is less favored by students and young adults. There is a risk in sales tax avoidance because Washington has a use tax due on all purchases made in Oregon that are then returned to Washington. Vancouver residents "shop at their own risk" when attempting to avoid the sales tax in Washington, although the rule is rarely, if ever, enforced [ citation needed ] except for purchases requiring registration, such as motor vehicles.

The taxation and demographics of the area depresses the retail sector of Vancouver's economy. The voting base also led to rejection of extension of Portland's light-rail system into the city for several years.

The economic history of Vancouver reflects the region. Moving from a salmon- and trade-based indigenous economy by the Chinook people, the Hudson's Bay Company pioneered extractive industries such as the fur trade and timber.

Subsistence agricultural gave way to market and export crops such as apples, strawberries and prunes. Largely bypassed by the railroad in the s, when the Oregon Steam Navigation company would ferry trains across the river downstream from St.

Helens, Oregon to Kalama, Washington , early downtown development was focused around Washington Street where ferries arrived , lumber and Vancouver Barracks activities such as a large spruce mill for manufacturing airplanes. A railroad swing bridge across the Columbia allowed greater industrial developments such as the Standifer Shipyard during the first world war. With the Interstate Bridge and Bonneville Dam Vancouver saw an industrial boom in the s, including the Kaiser shipyard and Alcoa , as well as a Boise Cascade paper mill, just west of the Interstate Bridge.

As the old-growth forests were depleted and heavy industry left the United States, Vancouver's economy has largely changed to high tech and service industry jobs, with many residents commuting to Portland.

Vancouver contains the corporate headquarters for Nautilus, Inc. It handles over ocean-going vessels annually, as well as a number of barges which ply the river and its tributaries as far as Lewiston, Idaho. It has a tentative construction start date of December and estimated operation date of According to the City's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [48] the largest employers in the city are:. In , the city of Vancouver decided to dedicate the next 15—20 years to redeveloping and revitalizing the downtown core, west of I-5 and south of Evergreen Boulevard.

The first projects started in the early s with the construction of many tall condominium structures around Esther Short park. The most lauded outside investment was the construction of a Hilton hotel directly across from the park.

The Columbian newspaper finished building a new seven-story building adjacent to the Hilton in Early in , The Columbian filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and the building defaulted to Bank of America. In June , the City of Vancouver agreed to purchase the former downtown Columbian office building for use as a new city hall. The city bought the two-year-old building and 5. In , the city consolidated five separate buildings housing employees into one at the new City Hall, located at W.

Future plans on C Street include a new Marriott hotel and roughly new condominiums. Other planned projects in the downtown area include:. Vancouver has two school districts: The Vancouver Public Schools cover most of west Vancouver and has seven high schools: It also has six middle schools: Vancouver Public Schools' elementary schools include Sarah J.

The Evergreen School District covers most of east Vancouver and has seven high schools: The district has six middle schools: Evergreen School District's 21 elementary schools are: Mother Joseph was one of the first architects in the region, and because of its relatively long history, Vancouver contains a variety of buildings. Homes vary from Victorians and craftsman bungalows downtown, to small wartime tract housing and ranch-styles mid-town, with rural styles and larger homes in the outer ring.

Many of these buildings have been re-purposed. The Slocum House, an Italianate villa style residence originally built one block south of its current location in Esther Short Park , was moved to its present location in and now houses a winery and art gallery. Other buildings have been torn down for urban renewal or renovated to house professional offices for lawyers and accountants. In the early s, Vancouver began seeing a revitalization of local art scene and cultural events.

In there was a movement among local artists to form cooperatives and meet with established local gallery owners for a monthly forum known as "Art Conversations.

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