Professoren der EBC Hochschule

Die Ebolafieber-Epidemie, die in mehreren westafrikanischen Ländern ausbrach und Anfang als beendet erklärt wurde, gilt nach der Zahl der erfassten Erkrankungen und Todesfälle als bisher größte ihrer Art seit der Entdeckung des Ebolavirus

Hong Kong Information Services Department. Two Hundred Years on the Road: Ihr unterstehen auch die die Special Activites Division , einer paramilitärischen Spezialeinheit.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Profitieren Sie von unserer langjährigen Erfahrung im Bereich Tourismus-, Fashion-, Sportmanagement, Kommunikations- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften.

Gelassenheit, Selbsterkenntnis und hohe Sensibilität für fremde Kulturen. Leitlinien für eine erfolgreiche Personalentwicklung im interkulturellen Kontext. Unternehmensführung in gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung, Mainz: Unternehmensführung in gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung, Band 1. Klaus Merten, Siegfried J.

Schriftenreihe der Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, Bd. Afrika — Kontinent der Chancen. Wettlauf um die Rohstoffe des Schwarzen Kontinents, Börsenbuchverlag. Lukrative Rohstoffmärkte — Ein Blick hinter die Kulissen, 2. Die globale Verschuldung und der zunehmende Vertrauensverlust in die Stabilität des Finanzsystems.

Rohstoffe, Edelmetalle und Goldminen, in: Rohstoffe und Gold in Was ist zu erwarten? Ein neuer Rohstoffzyklus hat begonnen, in: Silber und Rohstoffe, in: Investor Magazin, Ausgabe , 6. An Investment Concept under Review, in: Corporate Finance, April , S. Der Preissturz bei Rohstoffen ist übertrieben, in: Positive Metallmärkte als Spiegelbild der konjunkturellen Entwicklung, in: Chancen aus der Divergenz von Rohstoffen und Aktienmärkten, in: Wettlauf um die Rohstoffe Afrikas, in: Gold und Silber lieb ich sehr…, in: Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung, Schuldenkrise und Konjunktursorgen — Investitionen in Rohstoffe gewinnen an Bedeutung, in: Aktives Management auf dem Vormarsch, in: Rohstoffinvestments für Fortgeschrittene, in: Besonderheiten bei Rohstoffinvestments, in: Gold hilft das Portfolio zu sichern, in: Edelsteine — ein Nischenmarkt, in: Gold und Goldminenaktien, in: Agrarrohstoffe — Neue Preisphantasie durch erneuerbare Energien?

Preispotenzial noch nicht ausgeschöpft, in: Die Notenbanken sind das Zünglein an der Waage, in: Seit lehrt Prof. Journal of Business Research, Vol. Acceptance of Smartphone-Based Mobile Shopping: Mobile commerce — The moderating roles of perceived risk and application context.

Zufriedenheit mit den kirchlichen Diensten im Bistum Münster, in: Consumer confusion in German food retailing: Insights on Barcamps — Empirische Forschungsergebnisse einer noch jungen Eventform. An Analysis of the Information Admission and -Transmission process between Customer and Companies in the organic food market. Schmalenbach Business Review, Nr. Behavioral Pricing und Preiswissen: Eine neue Perspektive für das Preismanagement?!

Consumer trust in food retailers: What are the negative outcomes of customer confusion for food retailers and how are the moderated by broader-scope trust? The nature of price-thresholds: An fMRI study on price processing in the Brain. Where to search for price knowledge? The influence of lifestyle on price knowledge. Advances in Consumer Research Volume 37, Das wichtigste Kapital der Banken.

Die Bank, 5, On the validity of price knowledge measurements via self-assessment-scales-two studies in retailing. Journal of Targeting, Measurement, and Analysis for Marketing, 17 2 , Kennt der Kunde Ihre Preise. Creating Markenfans [Creating brand fans]. Absatzwirtschaft asw special issue , Implizites Preiswissen von Konsumenten - wirklich besser als ihr explizites Preiswissen? Kein Vorschuss durch den Kunden.

Absatzwirtschaft asw , 10, Er studierte und promovierte an der Deutschen Sporthochschule Köln. Er ist international gefragter Referenten auf Fachkongressen der Fitness-Branche und berät Unternehmen in Bezug auf den Aufbau und die Optimierung eines betrieblichen Gesundheitsmanagements. Nagel ist spezialisiert auf Fragen der bewegungsorientierten Prävention.

Zielgruppenanalyse für gesundheitsorientiertes Fitness-Training. Eine zeitökonomische Analyse des Fitnesstrainings. Innovations of research on member retention: Challenges of digital fitness in health-seeking fitness training.

Growing the fitness sector through innovation. For fitness club owners and managers Sind Firmenläufe betriebliche Gesundheitsförderung? Zur Positionierung der Fitnessbranche. Fitness und Gesundheit 05 , Fitness-Clubs und ihre digitalen Mitglieder — eine erfolgreiche Partnerschaft? Fitness und Gesundheit 06 , Von - lehrte Dr. Hartmut Emanuel Kayser seit über 20 Jahren deutsche und internationale Mandanten in wirtschafts- und sportrechtlichen Fällen anwaltlich.

Vor und während seiner Promotion an der Universität Münster hat er in China und Japan studiert wie auch geforscht. Der hochschulzertifizierte Trainer mit chinawissenschaftlichem Hintergrund arbeitet zudem für branchenführende europäische und asiatische Firmen als Berater und Referent für interkulturelles Management.

Alles Baidu oder was? Deutsche Ratgeberliteratur mit altchinesischen Weisheiten. Interculture Journal 14 25 , Weder Kaiser noch Malocher [über deutsch-chinesische Personalführung. Management, Recht und Organisation Haufe 9, Kritischer Kulturassimilator Deutschland für chinesische Teilnehmende. Interculture Journal 11 17 , Herausforderungen für die Urlaubshotellerie durch die Veränderung der Kundenbedürfnisse, Handlungsempfehlungen für die ägyptische Ferienhotellerie in einem islamisch geprägten Land im Umbruch, Erfolgspotentiale eines Reiseveranstalters in Bezug auf die Destination Frankreich, Zwischen Schützen und Nützen: Naturtourismus im Spannungsfeld am Beispiel von Südafrika, Kontinuierliche Verbesserung von Dienstleistungsqualität in der Kundeninteraktion — Potentiale und Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten, Einfluss von Werbung auf dem nach Erholung suchenden Tourist bei der Hotelauswahl, Entwicklung und Marktveränderung bei Diffusion des E-Commerce als Vertriebsform auf dem Tourismusmarkt und die Auswirkung auf das Verbraucherverhalten, Die sozio-kulturellen Auswirkungen des Tourismus auf die Destination Hawaii, The Changing Face of the German Landesbanken: Zukunftsperspektiven des Bankensystems in Kasachstan.

Internationale Standortüberlegungen - Ein obligatorischer Aufgabenbereich des Unternehmers. Eine entscheidungsorientierte landeskundliche Untersuchung. Jahrgang August , S. Jahrgang, Dezember , S. Fabisch, Brunner, Dieckmann, Tiemann, Wirtschaftsdienst — Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik.

Heft 12, Dezember , S. Zeitschrift für das gesamte Kreditwesen. Das Bankensystem in der Republik Kasachstan. Bankbetriebswirtschaftliche Würdigung von Umschuldungen. Wirtschaftlichkeitsrechnung für alternative Energien. Impulse zu Finanzmarkt- und Eurokrise. Perspektiv-wechsel in Zeiten von Nachhaltigkeit, Digitalisierung und Industrie 4.

Spenden, Sponsoring und mehr Beck Wirtschaftsberater im dtv. Beck Wirtschaftsberater im dtv, Soziales Engagement von Banken. Entwicklung eines adaptiven und innovativen Konzeptansatzes im Sinne des Corporate Citizenship von Banken.

Hamburger Universität für Wirtschaft und Politik. In sieben Schritten zum Erfolg — der Planungsprozess im Fundraising, in: Nachhaltigkeit in vierter Generation, in: Interkulturelles Management in Freizeit und Tourismus, S.

Personalmarketing als Baustein eines Komplexitätsmanagements in der logistischen Personalbeschaffung. Ethische Perspektiven des Atomausstiegs für deutsche Produzenten, in: Compliance und Corporate Social Responsibility.

Best Practice im Compliance-Management, 3. Erich Schmidt Verlag, S. Deutscher Fundraising Verband Hrsg. Rainer Hampp Verlag, S. Zur Rolle des Personalmanagements bei der Etablierung nachhaltiger Unternehmenskulturen. Best Practice im Compliance-Management. Nachhaltigkeitsmarketing als innovativer Strategieansatz.

Marktorientierte Problemlösungen im Innovationsmanagement. Corporate Citizenship bei Versicherungsunternehmen. Sponsoring als Instrument des Corporate Citizenship. Corporate Social Responsibility für Manager. Der Entrepreneur als Corporate Citizen. Gesellschaftliches Engagement von Banken. Governance und gesellschaftliche Verantwortung von Profit- und Nonprofit-Organisationen.

Are German Banks good Corporate Citizen? Analyse konsumpsychologischer Wirkfaktoren bei Kindern unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Lizenzen, Analyse der Herausforderungen für Markenbildung bei Start-Ups unter besonderer Berücksichtigung sozialer Medien, Analyse der Erfolgsfaktoren von Influencern für die Kundengewinnung und -bindung in der Modebranche, Analyse von Chancen und Risiken von Fair Trade.

Entwicklung eines Konzeptentwurfs für Faire Mode, Erfolgsfaktoren emotionaler Luxusmarkenführung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Live Events, Storytelling in der Luxusgüterindustrie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Videoclips, Potenziale der Konsumpsychologie für das Sportmarketing unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Farbpsychologie, Analyse der Erfolgsfaktoren viraler Werbung in sozialen Medien zur Erreichung von Marketingzielen, Analyse der Potenziale von CSR 4.

Analyse möglicher Strategien zur Steigerung von Markentreue und Involvement, Analyse der Auswirkungen von Produktionsverlagerungen auf die Sozialstandards in Billiglohnländern am Beispiel Kambodscha, Potenziale der Nachhaltigkeit für global agierende Unternehmen in Entwicklungsländern, Wertewandel der Konsumenten in Richtung Nachhaltigkeit und seine Implikationen für die. Analyse der Akkulturationsmodelle im Tourismus - dargestellt an Praxisbeispielen, Ansätze klassischer und moderner Führungskräfteentwicklungskonzepte mit dem Schwerpunkt tiergestützte Führungskräftetrainings, Kritische Analyse der Potentiale des Empfehlungsmarketing unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kosmetikbranche, Relevanz psychologischer Effekte für das Marketing unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Modebranche, Die politischen Regelungen, Medienberichterstattung und ihre Auswirkung auf die wirtschaftliche Situation von Unternehmen der Spielautomatenbranche, Ethnomarketing in Deutschland - Potentiale von türkischstämmigen Bürgern als Zielgruppe, Analyse der Problematik interkultureller Geschäftsbeziehungen - Voraussetzungen für den Erfolg deutscher Unternehmen auf dem asiatischen Markt, Events als erfolgreiche Marketingplattform - eine Analyse unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Sponsorings durch Unternehmen, Die Erfolgsfaktoren für die Markenpositionierung architektonischer Wahrzeichen - Eine kritische Analyse am Beispiel der Elbphilharmonie, Analyse internationaler Preissetzung unter Berücksichtigung konsumentenpsychologischer Aspekte, Kritische Analyse des Einflusspotentials der Werbung, Arbeitsbedingungen im Wandel der Zeit - Veränderungen der Belastungen am Arbeitsplatz un die sich daraus entwickelnde Notwendigkeit zur betrieblichen Gesundheitsförderung, Kritische Analyse des multisensorischen Marketings.

Die heutige Situation und Entwicklungschancen, Konzeptentwurf für die Positionierung eines innovativen Gastronomieprojektes unter besonderer Berücksichtigung aktueller Ernährungstrends in Deutschland, Analyse der volkswirtschaftlichen Schäden durch körperliche und psychische Belastungen am Arbeitsplatz in Deutschland, Branded House oder House of Brands? Eventmarketing als Erfolgsfaktor der Unternehmenskommunikation, dargestellt am Beispiel der Modebranche, Die Bedeutung des interkulturellen Coachings als nachhaltiges Personalentwicklungsinstrument im intern.

Der demografische Wandel in Deutschland und seine Auswirkungen auf das Marketing, Analyse der Erfolgsfaktoren stretegischer Markenführung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des internationalen Lusussegments, Analyse aktueller Modetrends im Spiegel der Gesellschaft und deren Marktpotenzial, The relationship between customer and brand.

How new social media has changed the landscape in terms of brand awareness and customer loyalty, Personalrecruitment von Auszubildenden unter dem Aspekt der demographischen Entwicklung, Multisensorische Markenführung im internationalen Wettbewerb am Beispiel Nivea, Corporate Social Responsibility in Lateinamerika - Entwurf eines Konzeptes für den Markteintritt eines transnationalen Unternehmens, Analyse relevanter Erfolgsfaktoren von Livekonzerten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des viralen Marketings, Musikmarketing lateinamerikanischer Musik in Deutschland unter besonderer Betrachtung des Internets, Entwicklung eines Konzeptansatzes für erfolgreiches Eventmarketing des Deutschen Tischtennisbundes, Führungskräfteentwicklung dargestellt an innovativen praktischen Trainingskonzepten, Chancen und Risiken von Green Events im Rahmen der Unternehmenskommunikation, dargestellt an Unternehmensbeispielen, Veränderung des Führungsverhaltens unter dem Aspekt der Mitarbeiterförderung dargestellt an praktischen Beispielen, Vergleichende Analyse von Charity Events unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Sportveranstaltungen, Vergleichende Analyse aktueller Kinoproduktionen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Internets, Er studierte und promovierte an der Universität Leipzig zum Sporttourismus.

Hodeck ist als Vizepräsident des Landessportbundes Sachsen und des Sächsischen Tennisverbands intensiv mit dem deutschen organisierten Sport verbunden. Er ist spezialisiert auf Fragen des Sporttourismus und des Sportmarketings. Sciamus — Sport und Management 8 2 , Active sport tourists on islands — the case of German mountain bike tourists on Mallorca.

Livro de Abstracts , p. Expecttativas e experiencas dos Jogos Olimpicos no Rio de Janeiro: Perpectiva de stakeholders Latino Americanos. Caracterizacao de atletas de voleibol de um projeto social em Curitiba. Bestimmungsfaktoren für die Destinationsauswahl im Wintersporttourismus deutscher Mittelgebirge. Ressourcenmanagement, Produkt- und Destinationsmanagement New Challenges in a Globalized World Erwartungen lateinamerikanischer Stakeholder an RIO Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge 57 2 , S.

Handbuch Sporttourismus Book Review. Motivation of active sport tourists in a German highland destination — a cross-seasonal comparison. Leipzig Experts for Global Sports. E-Book of full papers. Book of Abstracts , Segmentierung und Vergleich von aktiven Winter-sporttouristen in deutschen Mittelgebirgsdestinationen.

Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge 56 1 , - Importance of several aspects within the destination choice process in winter sport tourism among German and Polish students. Sustainable Development of Sports Tourism p. Empirical findings regarding the destination choice in two German winter sport destinations. Sciamus — Sport und Management 6 1 , Comparison of active winter sport tourists in two German highlands by segmentation.

New challenges in a globalized World. Melo, — Comparison of active summer and winter sport tourists in a German highland. Leisure Time Research 5 1 , Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge 55 2 , - Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge 55 2 , 85 - Comparison of effects oft wo different sport programmes on cancer patients. Oncology Research and Treatment 37 Suppl.

Urane und touristische Räume. Beiträge aus der 6. Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge 55 1 , Typisierung von Wintersporttouristen in deutschen Mittelgebirgen am Beispiel des Erzgebirges. Sciamus — Sport und Management 4 4 , Segmentierung von Wintersporttouristen anhand von Destinationsauswahl-kriterien in Mittelgebirgen am Beispiel des Erzgebirges.

Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge 54 1. Sportwissenschaftllicher Hochschultag Konstanz Abstracts. Bedeutung ausgewählter Faktoren bei der Wahl von Wintersportaufenthalten von deutschen und polnischen Studierenden.. Olympic Spirit through education — 49 years of ITK. Facultad de Ciencas Economicas. Physical activity and nutrition for cancer patients: Reduzierung der Barrieren für Bewegungshandlungen bei über 60 Jährigen: Am Beispiel eines Seniorenbetreuungszentrums.

Sporträume neu denken und entwickeln. Sport als Zusatzleistung in Pflegereinrichtungen. Understanding sports tourists — A segmentation of Highland visitors in winter. Sport in Globalised Societies.

Organisational structures in professional football — A comparative analysis between English and German football club.

Wenn Angebot auf Nachfrage trifft!? Kreativität - Innovation - Leistung. Sportwissenschaftllicher Hochschultag Halle Saale Abstracts. Jahrestagung des Arbeitskreis Sportökonomie, Dos, Santos, Eckert-Lindhammer, D. Perspetivas de desenvolvimento num mundo globalizado, Tendencies and Challenges, Jahrestagung der dvs-Kommission Gesundheit, Changes and Challenges, Jahrestagung der Deutschen, Österreichischen und Schweizerischen Gesellschaften für Hämatologie und medizinische Onkologie, Sport und körperliche Aktivität in der Onkologie -.

Drittes Leipziger Demenzgespräch, Pflegekolleg der Westsächsischen Hochschule Zwickau, Mitgliederversammlung der Sächsischen Alzheimergesellschaft , Europäische Woche gegen den Krebs , Vortragsreihe des KSB Erzgebirge e. Sächsisch-Bayerischer-Sportvereinsmanager A-Lizenz , Wissenschaftliche Vortragsreihe zum Sonnenblumenfest der Sächsischen Krebsgesellschaft e. Sein Schwerpunkt ist die praxisnahe Lehre und Forschung rund um Erlebniskommunikation, interaktives Marketing und Strategieentwicklung mit Fokus auf die Kreativbranchen.

Darüber hinaus besitzt er langjährige Erfahrung in der angewandten Markt- und Besucherforschung. Kooperatives Kulturmarketing — Typen und strategische Implikationen der interaktiven Wertschöpfung im kulturellen Markt, Lohmar. Means-end-Evaluation am Beispiel des Technorama. Zeitschrift für Kulturmanagement, Jg. Neue Beteiligungsformen im Kulturmarketing. Jahrbuch für Kulturmanagement, Nr. Die Bedeutung der Netnographie in Kulturmarketing und -vermittlung. Social Media im Kulturmarketing.

S ocial Media im Kulturmarketing, München, S. Social Media — Marketinghype oder Erfolgsfaktor? Überleben in der Branche — Freelancer im Wettbewerb. Best Practice in Customer Interaction: Integriertes Community Marketing — Kunden- und Leistungspotenziale erfolgreich verknüpfen.

Er hat 12 Jahre an den Universitäten in Kaiserslautern und Halle in Forschung und Lehre gearbeitet und ist über 7 Jahre in Politikberatung, auswärtiger Kulturpolitik und Begabtenförderung tätig gewesen. In seinen Veröffentlichungen hat sich Jürgen Plöhn vor allem mit Institutionen in westlichen Demokratien, ideengeschichtlichen Fragen und Aspekten der Policy-Forschung befasst Wirtschafts-, Hochschul- und Rechtspolitik. Vertrauen und Verantwortung in den politischen Systemen westlicher Demokratien.

Der Fall der Regierenden in parlamentarischen und präsidentiellen Systemen. Begriffliche, ideengeschichtliche und theoretische Grundlagen,. Untersuchungsausschüsse der Landesparlamente als Instrumente der Politik,. Responses from Different Positions. Policies of Economic and Social Development in Europe. Dedicated to the th Anniversary of St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia. Sofia, October 10 to 11, ,.

Towards a Knowledge Based Society in Europe. Politik, Geschichte und Wirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Andreas Püttmann et al.: Church and Politics, Sofia: Politics Built on Christian Responsibility. Two Hundred Years on the Road: Handwörterbuch des politischen Systems der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Hrsg.: Springer VS, Wiesbaden , S. Handwörterbuch des politischen Systems der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 7. Interessengruppen im Zeichen von Traditionen, gesellschaftlichem Wandel und politischen Strukturveränderungen,.

Strukturell-vergleichende und quantitative Beobachtungen zu wissenschaftlichen Karrieren in Deutschland: Was kann Bulgarien daraus lernen? Wie können die bulgarischen Universitäten und Wissenschaftseinrichtungen konkurrenzfähig in Europa werden? Jürgen Scharf, Magdeburg , S. From unemployment to self-employment.

Political concepts, economic realities, and social effects in Germany,. Vertrauen und Verantwortung in den politischen Systemen westlicher Demokratien,.

Sprache und Politik im erweiterten Europa, Hrsg.: Ostdeutsche Profile in der Politik: Vom Aufbruch zur gesamtdeutschen Normalität,. Politische Eliten in Deutschland, Hrsg.: Extremismus im Reichstag der Weimarer Republik. Zum Zusammenspiel der Kräfte,. Jahrbuch Extremismus und Demokratie Review of History, Vol. Sbornik v pamet na prof. Lalkov, Blagoevgrad , S. Philipp Breitinger , Die Vertrauensfrage nach Art.

Verfassungsrechtliche Grundlagen, Verfahren und Probleme, Hamburg ,. Reden und Schriften eines MdBs: Recht, Politik und Rechtspolitik — leider ohne rechte Ordnung ,. Past, Present and Future. Program and Abstracts, Sofia: Humboldt-Union in Bulgarien , S.

Innovation durch europäische Egalisierung? Kommunikationsprobleme in der Statistikausbildung — Was sollte man von einer Integration des Internets halten?

Unterstützung beim Vertrieb von Suchmaschinenwerbung. PIA - ein modifizierter Poloscore. Erste Bilanz eines Kreditpunkte Prüfungssystems. Neben seinem Studium zum Wirtschaftsingenieur und der Promotion in Volkswirtschaftslehre arbeitete er als interner Berater in verschiedenen strategischen und operativen Projekten bei der Deutschen Lufthansa AG, u.

Danach war er sieben Jahre bei der Berenberg Bank in der Finanzanalyse tätig, u. Wetterderivate in der Tourismus- und Eventbranche. Tourismus und mobile Freizeit, BoD, Norderstedt.

Der Einsatz von Wetterderivaten in der Tourismusbranche. Marching to a different drummer: The valuation anomaly of a non-standard fiscal year. Paper presented at the Global Finance Conference Poznan.

Handbuch Compliance Management kompakt. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, 7, S. Why does the airline industry over-invest? Journal of Air Transport Management, 19, S. Unternehmenskommunikation und der Deutsche Corporate Governance Kodex. Ökonomische Analyse der Luftverkehrsteuer. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 36 1 , S.

Airline Networks and the Gravity Model. Transportation Research Part E, 37 4 , S. Airline Hub Congestion and Welfare. International Journal of Transport Economics, 28 3 , S. Bargaining for Open Skies. Barbarians Back at the Gate: Piecemeal Recovery, Berenberg Bank, July. Sector Analysis Optical Storage Media: Special Issue German Tax Reform: Karrierewege im Eventmanagement - Branchenexperten im Interview. Personalverantwortliche verraten, worauf es beim Arbeiten in der Tourismusbranche wirklich ankommt.

Die Urlaubsmacher - Karrierewege im Tourismus. Cruise Industry — Produkt- und Marktentwicklung sowie laterale Diversifikation. Interkulturelle Handlungskompetenz als Ansatz für die betriebliche Integration von Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund - am Beispiel eines syrischen Fluchtmigranten.

Stand und Perspektiven der Eventforschung. Citaslow — Ein geeigneter Ansatz für das Stadtmarketing? Die Stadt als Kultur- und Erlebnisraum: Analysen - Perspektiven - Projekte. Tourismus und mobile Freizeit: Live-Kommunikation im Kontext des Behavioral Brandings.

Praxisorientiertes Eventmanagement- Events erfolgreich planen, umsetzen und bewerten. Gruppenerlebnisse im Spannungsfeld virtueller und Live-Kommunikation. Eventmarketing unter sozialpsychologischer Betrachtung — Gruppenerlebnisse in der Live-Kommunikation.

Ausbildung auf dem Prüfstand - Kernkompetenzen im Eventmanagement im europäischen Kontext. Kulturtourismus zu Beginn des Rolle und Bedeutung der Live Kommunikation im Werteentwicklungsprozess. Typologisierung von Reisebürokunden zur Verbesserung der Beratungsleistung: Zur Wirkung kollektiver Emotionen beim Public Viewing. Arten und Motive des Dark Tourism. Erfolg mit nachhaltigen Eventkonzepten Tagungsband zur 2. Eventmarketing unter Betrachtung ausgewählter sozialpsychologischer Faktoren anhand ausgewählter Praxisbeispiele.

In that capacity, he was consulted by the chiefs of the CIA's technical branches, including the agency's chief information officer and its chief technology officer. A former NSA co-worker said that although the NSA was full of smart people, Snowden was a "genius among geniuses" who created a widely implemented backup system for the NSA and often pointed out security flaws to the agency.

The former colleague said Snowden was given full administrator privileges with virtually unlimited access to NSA data. A spokeswoman for Johns Hopkins said that the university did not find records to show that Snowden attended the university, and suggested that he may instead have attended Advanced Career Technologies, a private for-profit organization that operated as the Computer Career Institute at Johns Hopkins University.

The university said that Snowden registered for an online master's degree program in computer security in but was inactive as a student and had not completed the program. Snowden has said that he had told multiple employees and two supervisors about his concerns, but the NSA disputes his claim.

The reactions of those I told about the scale of the constitutional violations ranged from deeply concerned to appalled, but no one was willing to risk their jobs, families, and possibly even freedom to go through what [Thomas Andrews] Drake did.

He asserted that the NSA had copies of emails he sent to their Office of General Counsel , oversight and compliance personnel broaching "concerns about the NSA's interpretations of its legal authorities.

I had raised these complaints not just officially in writing through email, but to my supervisors, to my colleagues, in more than one office. In May , U. So when they say I'm a low-level systems administrator, that I don't know what I'm talking about, I'd say it's somewhat misleading. They would tell me their hardest technology problems, and it was my job to come up with a way to fix them.

Of his time as an NSA analyst, directing the work of others, Snowden recalled a moment when he and his colleagues began to have severe ethical doubts. Snowden said 18 to year-old analysts were suddenly "thrust into a position of extraordinary responsibility, where they now have access to all your private records.

In the course of their daily work, they stumble across something that is completely unrelated in any sort of necessary sense—for example, an intimate nude photo of someone in a sexually compromising situation. But they're extremely attractive. So what do they do? They turn around in their chair and they show a co-worker The exact size of Snowden's disclosure is unknown, [73] but Australian officials have estimated 15, or more Australian intelligence files [74] and British officials estimate at least 58, British intelligence files.

The vast majority of those were related to our military capabilities, operations, tactics, techniques and procedures. According to Snowden, he did not indiscriminately turn over documents to journalists, stating that "I carefully evaluated every single document I disclosed to ensure that each was legitimately in the public interest.

There are all sorts of documents that would have made a big impact that I didn't turn over" [82] and that "I have to screen everything before releasing it to journalists If I have time to go through this information, I would like to make it available to journalists in each country.

Navy Admiral Michael S. Rogers , said that while some terrorist groups had altered their communications to avoid surveillance techniques revealed by Snowden, the damage done was not significant enough to conclude that "the sky is falling.

On 14 June , UK's Sunday Times reported that Russian and Chinese intelligence services had decrypted more than 1 million classified files in the Snowden cache, forcing the UK's MI6 intelligence agency to move agents out of live operations in hostile countries. The Sunday Times said it was not clear whether Russia and China stole Snowden's data or whether Snowden voluntarily handed it over to remain at liberty in Hong Kong and Moscow.

Snowden then contacted documentary filmmaker Laura Poitras in January Greenwald began working with Snowden in either February [97] or April , after Poitras asked Greenwald to meet her in New York City, at which point Snowden began providing documents to them.

Snowden communicated using encrypted email , [95] and going by the codename " Verax ". He asked not to be quoted at length for fear of identification by stylometry. According to Gellman, prior to their first meeting in person, Snowden wrote, "I understand that I will be made to suffer for my actions, and that the return of this information to the public marks my end. In May , Snowden was permitted temporary leave from his position at the NSA in Hawaii, on the pretext of receiving treatment for his epilepsy.

After disclosing the copied documents, Snowden promised that nothing would stop subsequent disclosures. In June , he said, "All I can say right now is the US government is not going to be able to cover this up by jailing or murdering me.

Truth is coming, and it cannot be stopped. On May 20, , Snowden flew to Hong Kong , [82] where he was staying when the initial articles based on the leaked documents were published, [] beginning with The Guardian on June 5.

The Guardian ' s chief editor, Alan Rusbridger , credited Snowden for having performed a public service. The ongoing publication of leaked documents has revealed previously unknown details of a global surveillance apparatus run by the United States' NSA [] in close cooperation with three of its Five Eyes partners: On June 5, , media reports documenting the existence and functions of classified surveillance programs and their scope began and continued throughout the entire year.

He said the U. The NSA's top-secret black budget , obtained from Snowden by The Washington Post , exposed the successes and failures of the 16 spy agencies comprising the U. It was revealed that the NSA was harvesting millions of email and instant messaging contact lists, [] searching email content, [] tracking and mapping the location of cell phones, [] undermining attempts at encryption via Bullrun [] [] and that the agency was using cookies to piggyback on the same tools used by Internet advertisers "to pinpoint targets for government hacking and to bolster surveillance.

The agency's intelligence-gathering operations had targeted, among others, oil giant Petrobras , Brazil's largest company. In October , Glenn Greenwald said "the most shocking and significant stories are the ones we are still working on, and have yet to publish. By October , Snowden's disclosures had created tensions [] [] between the U. Their stated goal was to "dramatically increase mastery of the global network" and to acquire adversaries' data from "anyone, anytime, anywhere.

Snowden said in a January interview with German television that the NSA does not limit its data collection to national security issues, accusing the agency of conducting industrial espionage.

Using the example of German company Siemens , he said, "If there's information at Siemens that's beneficial to US national interests—even if it doesn't have anything to do with national security—then they'll take that information nevertheless. In February , during testimony to the European Union, Snowden said of the remaining undisclosed programs, "I will leave the public interest determinations as to which of these may be safely disclosed to responsible journalists in coordination with government stakeholders.

The newspaper said it had examined documents including emails, message texts, and online accounts, that support the claim. In an August interview, Snowden for the first time disclosed a cyberwarfare program in the works, codenamed MonsterMind , that would automate detection of a foreign cyberattack as it began and automatically fire back. And then we end up shooting back at a Russian hospital. Snowden first contemplated leaking confidential documents around but held back, partly because he believed the newly elected Barack Obama might introduce reforms.

Snowden said he wanted to "embolden others to step forward" by demonstrating that "they can win. In December , upon learning that a U.

In January , Snowden said his "breaking point" was "seeing the Director of National Intelligence, James Clapper, directly lie under oath to Congress. Seeing that really meant for me there was no going back. Beyond that, it was the creeping realization that no one else was going to do this. The public had a right to know about these programs. In May , Snowden took a leave of absence, telling his supervisors he was returning to the mainland for epilepsy treatment, but instead left Hawaii for Hong Kong [] where he arrived on May Snowden told Guardian reporters in June that he had been in his room at the Mira Hotel since his arrival in the city, rarely going out.

Snowden vowed to challenge any extradition attempt by the U. Glenn Greenwald said Snowden was motivated by a need to "ingratiate himself to the people of Hong Kong and China. After leaving the Mira Hotel, Snowden stayed in a cramped apartment with other refugees seeking asylum in Hong Kong, an arrangement set up by Tibbo to hide from the authorities. They haven't been able to, because it's false. State Department spokesman rejected the explanation of technical noncompliance, accusing the Hong Kong government of deliberately releasing a fugitive despite a valid arrest warrant and after having sufficient time to prohibit his travel.

In October , Snowden said that before flying to Moscow, he gave all the classified documents he had obtained to journalists he met in Hong Kong, and kept no copies for himself.

He asserted "a planeload of reporters documented the seat I was supposed to be in" when he was ticketed for Havana , but the U. According to Greenwald, Snowden's passport was valid when he departed Hong Kong but was revoked during the hours he was in transit to Moscow, preventing him from obtaining a ticket to leave Russia. Greenwald said Snowden was thus forced to stay in Moscow and seek asylum. According to one Russian report, Snowden planned to fly from Moscow through Havana to Latin America; however, Cuba told Moscow it would not allow the Aeroflot plane carrying Snowden to land.

Following Snowden's arrival in Moscow, the White House expressed disappointment in Hong Kong's decision to allow him to leave. Secretary of State John Kerry said that Snowden's passport was cancelled "within two hours" of the charges against Snowden being made public [3] which was Friday, June Without any judicial order, the administration now seeks to stop me exercising a basic right.

A right that belongs to everybody. The right to seek asylum. Four countries offered Snowden permanent asylum: Ecuador, Nicaragua, Bolivia, and Venezuela. Snowden said in July that he decided to bid for asylum in Russia because he felt there was no safe way to reach Latin America.

On the issue, he said "some governments in Western European and North American states have demonstrated a willingness to act outside the law, and this behavior persists today. This unlawful threat makes it impossible for me to travel to Latin America and enjoy the asylum granted there in accordance with our shared rights. Four months after Snowden received asylum in Russia, Julian Assange commented, "While Venezuela and Ecuador could protect him in the short term, over the long term there could be a change in government.

In Russia, he's safe, he's well-regarded, and that is not likely to change. That was my advice to Snowden, that he would be physically safest in Russia. In an October interview with The Nation magazine, Snowden reiterated that he had originally intended to travel to Latin America: They did not want that; they chose to keep me in Russia.

On July 1, , president Evo Morales of Bolivia , who had been attending a conference in Russia, suggested during an interview with Russia Today that he would consider a request by Snowden for asylum. While the plane was parked in Vienna, the Spanish ambassador to Austria arrived with two embassy personnel and asked to search the plane but were denied permission by Morales himself.

Assange responded that the plan "was not completely honest, but we did consider that the final result would have justified our actions. The result was caused by the United States' intervention. We can only regret what happened. Snowden applied for political asylum to 21 countries. Biden had telephoned President Rafael Correa days prior to Snowden's remarks, asking the Ecuadorian leader not to grant Snowden asylum. After evaluating the law and Snowden's situation, the French interior ministry rejected his request for asylum.

Germany and India rejected Snowden's application outright, while Austria, Ecuador, Finland, Norway, Italy, the Netherlands, and Spain said he must be on their territory to apply.

Putin said on July 1, , that if Snowden wanted to be granted asylum in Russia , he would be required to "stop his work aimed at harming our American partners. In a July 12 meeting at Sheremetyevo Airport with representatives of human rights organizations and lawyers, organized in part by the Russian government, [] Snowden said he was accepting all offers of asylum that he had already received or would receive. He added that Venezuela's grant of asylum formalized his asylee status, removing any basis for state interference with his right to asylum.

Amid media reports in early July attributed to U. Attorney General Eric Holder repudiated Snowden's claim to refugee status, and offered a limited validity passport good for direct return to the U. On June 14, , United States federal prosecutors filed a criminal complaint against Snowden, charging him with theft of government property and two counts of violating the Espionage Act of through unauthorized communication of national defense information and willful communication of classified communications intelligence information to an unauthorized person.

The charge was initially secret and was unsealed a week later. Snowden was asked in a January interview about returning to the U. Snowden explained why he rejected the request: They don't allow me to defend myself in an open court to the public and convince a jury that what I did was to their benefit. So it's, I would say, illustrative that the President would choose to say someone should face the music when he knows the music is a show trial.

He was not granted permanent political asylum. A subject of controversy, Snowden has been variously called a hero , [] [] [] a whistleblower , [] [] [] [] a dissident , [] a patriot , [] [] [] and a traitor. Numerous high-ranking current or former U. In June , U. Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont wrote on his blog, "Love him or hate him, we all owe Snowden our thanks for forcing upon the nation an important debate. But the debate shouldn't be about him.

It should be about the gnawing questions his actions raised from the shadows. Snowden said in December that he was "inspired by the global debate" ignited by the leaks and that NSA's "culture of indiscriminate global espionage At the end of , however, The Washington Post noted that the public debate and its offshoots had produced no meaningful change in policy, with the status quo continuing.

In , on The Axe Files podcast , former U. Attorney General Eric Holder said that Snowden "performed a public service by raising the debate that we engaged in and by the changes that we made.

In September , the bipartisan U. House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence completed a review of the Snowden disclosures and said that the federal government would have to spend millions of dollars responding to the fallout from Snowden's disclosures. In August , President Obama said that he had called for a review of U.

Stone said there was no evidence that the bulk collection of phone data had stopped any terror attacks. On June 6, , in the wake of Snowden's leaks, conservative public interest lawyer and Judicial Watch founder Larry Klayman filed a lawsuit claiming that the federal government had unlawfully collected metadata for his telephone calls and was harassing him. Obama , Judge Richard J.

Leon referred to the NSA's "almost-Orwellian technology" and ruled the bulk telephony metadata program to be probably unconstitutional. Pauley III came to the opposite conclusion. Clapper , although acknowledging that privacy concerns are not trivial, Pauley found that the potential benefits of surveillance outweigh these considerations and ruled that the NSA's collection of phone data is legal.

Gary Schmitt, former staff director of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, wrote that "The two decisions have generated public confusion over the constitutionality of the NSA's data collection program—a kind of judicial 'he-said, she-said' standoff. The decision voided U. District Judge William Pauley's December finding that the NSA program was lawful, and remanded the case to him for further review.

The appeals court did not rule on the constitutionality of the bulk surveillance, and declined to enjoin the program, noting the pending expiration of relevant parts of the Patriot Act.

Circuit Judge Gerard E. Lynch wrote that, given the national security interests at stake, it was prudent to give Congress an opportunity to debate and decide the matter. On June 2, , the U. Senate passed, and President Obama signed, the USA Freedom Act which restored in modified form several provisions of the Patriot Act that had expired the day before, while for the first time imposing some limits on the bulk collection of telecommunication data on U.

The new restrictions were widely seen as stemming from Snowden's revelations. The non-binding resolution denounced unwarranted digital surveillance and included a symbolic declaration of the right of all individuals to online privacy. In an official report published in October , the United Nations special rapporteur for the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of speech, Professor David Kaye , criticized the U. The report found that Snowden's revelations were important for people everywhere and made "a deep and lasting impact on law, policy and politics.

Surveys conducted by news outlets and professional polling organizations found that American public opinion was divided on Snowden's disclosures, and that those polled in Canada and Europe were more supportive of Snowden than respondents in the U.

For his global surveillance disclosures, Snowden has been honored by publications and organizations based in Europe and the United States. He was voted as The Guardian ' s person of the year , garnering four times the number of votes as any other candidate. He participated by teleconference carried over multiple routers running the Google Hangouts platform. Represented on stage by a robot with a video screen, video camera, microphones and speakers, Snowden conversed with TED curator Chris Anderson , and told the attendees that online businesses should act quickly to encrypt their websites.

In March , while speaking at the FIFDH international human rights film festival he made a public appeal for Switzerland to grant him asylum, saying he would like to return to live in Geneva, where he once worked undercover for the Central Intelligence Agency. Whistleblowers, National Security and Free Expression," event.

On March 19, , Snowden delivered the opening keynote address of the LibrePlanet conference, a meeting of international free software activists and developers presented by the Free Software Foundation.

The conference was held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was the first such time Snowden spoke via teleconference using a full free software stack, end-to-end. On July 21, , Snowden and hardware hacker Bunnie Huang , in a talk at MIT Media Lab 's Forbidden Research event, published research for a smartphone case, the so-called Introspection Engine , that would monitor signals received and sent by that phone to provide an alert to the user if their phone is transmitting or receiving information when it shouldn't be for example when it's turned off or in airplane mode , a feature described by Snowden to be useful for journalists or activists operating under hostile governments that would otherwise track their activities through their phones.

In July , media critic Jay Rosen defined The Snowden Effect as "Direct and indirect gains in public knowledge from the cascade of events and further reporting that followed Edward Snowden's leaks of classified information about the surveillance state in the U. On November 2, , Snowden provided declaration in Jewel v.

Snowden's impact as a public figure has been felt in cinema, [] [] advertising, [] video games, [] [] literature, [] [] music, [] [] [] statuary, [] [] and social media.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Elizabeth City, North Carolina , U. Map of global NSA data collection. Global surveillance disclosures —present. Evo Morales grounding incident. Edward Snowden asylum in Russia. Reactions to global surveillance disclosures.

Commentary on Edward Snowden's disclosure. Awards received by Edward Snowden. Edward Snowden in popular culture. Biography portal Freedom of speech portal Government of the United States portal Information technology portal Intelligence portal. Yuen explained that Snowden's full name was inconsistent, and his U. Yuen said he spoke to U. Attorney General Eric Holder by phone to reinforce the request for details "absolutely necessary" for detention of Snowden.

Yuen said "As the US government had failed to provide the information by the time Snowden left Hong Kong, it was impossible for the Department of Justice to apply to a court for a temporary warrant of arrest. In fact, even at this time, the US government has still not provided the details we asked for.

A Shadowland of Secrets and Light". Retrieved April 29, Retrieved April 11, Protecting Reporters From Spies". The army did confirm Snowden's date of birth: Snowden has document to enter Russia". Archived from the original on August 22, Archived from the original on October 19, Coast Guard Flag Officers".

United States Coast Guard. He Can 'Sleep at Night ' ". Who is he, and what kind of life is he leaving behind? The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on April 2,

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