Schwarzenau Brethren

In the Brethren Ashland and Grace Brethren groups, significant emphasis is placed on exegesis of the Bible. There are several religious groups named Brethren that are not related to the Schwarzenau Brethren movement.

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Several branches were established, some of which still exist. They disbanded in August The "Old Order" Dunkers opposed 19th-century Brethren adoption of innovations such as revival meetings, Sunday Schools, and foreign missionary work. Stressing church discipline, Annual Meeting authority, and the preservation of the "ancient order" of church ordinances, worship, and dress, they formed the Old German Baptist Brethren OGBB in In the Progressives, who stressed evangelism and objected to distinctive dress and strong Annual Meeting authority, formed The Brethren Church at the time of H.

The largest body continued as German Baptist Brethren until , when they adopted the title Church of the Brethren. The current Church of the Brethren found itself representing those parishioners who constitute the "middle ground" on matters of doctrine and practice as Christians. The Old Brethren subsequently divided into two groups, the more conservative of which took the name of Old Brethren German Baptists and was centered in Camden, Indiana. The Old Brethren further divided in Because of what some believed was a gradual drift away from apostolic standards, in a small group of conservatives withdrew from the Church of the Brethren and formed the Dunkard Brethren Church.

In the "Progressive" Brethren Church experienced another schism, with those seeking an open position to the issue of eternal security maintaining the name Brethren Church with headquarters in Ashland, Ohio , and those seeking a firm affirmation of eternal security becoming the National Fellowship of Brethren Churches, since renamed Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches FGBC , commonly called the Grace Brethren Church, headquartered in Winona Lake, Indiana.

It has no centralized headquarters at this time. As of , six Brethren bodies meet together in the Brethren World Assembly: The first Assembly was held in Pennsylvania in They met at Elizabethtown College and celebrated the th anniversary of the first known Brethren Annual Meeting in That first meeting gathered near Conestoga in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

The Assembly represents some , members around the world. Brethren are noncreedal, but have summarized their beliefs in a variety of ways for the purpose of evangelical outreach. One such statement, developed during the late nineteenth century was the Brethren's Card , a version of which was endorsed for general distribution by the Church of the Brethren Annual Conference.

The version, influenced by both increasing formalism and the Fundamentalist Christianity of the s differed in both tone and content: This version was officially circulated by the Church of the Brethren in its publications until the middle part of the twentieth century, and it continues to be issued through the efforts of Brethren Revival Fellowship. The teachings of some other groups are similar to this, but can differ widely in emphasis and scope.

For example, the Grace Brethren are varied on the requirement of trine immersion, do not practice the Christian salutation, do not oppose war, and do not formally adhere to plain dress or modesty. In the larger Church of the Brethren, significant emphasis is placed on social issues. In the Brethren Ashland and Grace Brethren groups, significant emphasis is placed on exegesis of the Bible.

Several of the groups maintain a larger "Doctrinal Statement" or treatise, but only for the purpose of clarifying their Biblical position. Most Brethren groups maintain that the Bible is the sole authority and will revise their statement of faith if they perceive any difference between it and sound Biblical doctrine. Some of the Old Order groups incorporate church authority as a mechanism for unifying the interpretation and application of Biblical teachings.

There are several religious groups named Brethren that are not related to the Schwarzenau Brethren movement. The Plymouth Brethren arose in England and Ireland early in the 19th century. The River Brethren movement apparently adopted the view of trine immersion from the Schwarzenau Brethren. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Brethren religious group. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

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Otherwise, you can help by formatting it per the Wikisource guidelines in preparation for the duplication. The Origin of the Schwarzenau Brethren. The Cultural Transformation of a Peculiar People. Johns Hopkins University Press. Schwarzenau Brethren at Wikipedia's sister projects. Retrieved from " https: Copy section to Wikisource Anabaptist organizations established in the 18th century Christian denominations founded in Germany Christian groups with universalist beliefs Peace churches Religious organizations established in Schwarzenau Brethren establishments in the Holy Roman Empire Anabaptist denominations Protestantism in Germany.

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